Landscape, wind turbines

User Guide Page 2

Table 3a. Mean (SD) CD-RISC 25-Item Scores in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder & Subjects Exposed to Severe Trauma

Authors Scale Number Mean (SD) Location Comments
Connor et al (2003) 25 22 47.8 (19.5) USA Treatment seeking cases
Connor et al (2003) 25 22 52.8 (20.4) USA Treatment seeking cases
Morey et al (2009) 25 20 66.7 (15.8) USA OIE/OEF veterans
Davidson et al (2009) 25 100
94
57.0 (16.0)
54.2 (16.2)
USA Tiagabine group
Placebo group
Mansfield et al (2011) 25 1,843
1,226
76.2(16.0)
72.8(16.6)
USA Navy personnel
Marines
All were mandatory pre-separation assessments
Tsai et al (2012) 25 86
76
59.6(19.1)
72.0(14.3)
USA   OEF/OIF Veterans with PTSD
Other Rx seeking OEF/OIF veterans
Anderson and Bang (2012) 25 52
16
74.2(15.0)
61.1(14.7)
USA Asymptomatic abuse survivors
Abuse survivors with PTSD
Krystal et al (2014) 25 20 62.0 (19.8) USA PTSD civilian clinical trial sample
Green et al (2014) 25 1981 72.7(18.4 USA Post 9/11 US veterans
Asnaani et al (2015) 25 118 68.4 (20.7) USA PTSD clinical sample with nicotine withdrawal
Davidson et al (2006) 25 161 55.7 (18.4) International Prior to receiving drug
Davidson et al (2006) 25 168 53.0 (17.2) International Prior to receiving placebo
Thabet et al (2011) 25 99 81.9 (18.0) Gaza Women survivors of domestic abuse: not all had PTSD
Connell et al (2013) 25 54 72.1 (12.2) South Africa Combat veterans, 33% with PTSD
Blanc et al (2016) 25 167 66.4 (18.4) Haiti Earthquake survivors
Tsuno et al (2014) 25 825 48.5(16.1) Japan Government employees exposed to East Japan Earthquake
He et al (2013) 25 410 67.8 (11.7) China Burn injury patients
Ying et al (2014) 25 788 55.0 China Adolescent (12-19 years) earthquake survivors
Chen et al (2014) 25 32 51.8(13.2)
49.3(6.5)
52.7(17.9)
China Bereaved adolescent earthquake survivors assigned to three treatment groups
Ni et al (2015) 25 495 61.2 (12.8)
58.0 (12.0)
China Sichuan earthquake survivors five years follow-up
Ssenyonga et al (2013) 25 426 51.9 (15.0) PTSD
51.5 (17.8)
Uganda Congolese refugees with and without PTSD
Ghisi et al (2013) 25 76 61.3 (17.3)
74.2 (10.0)
Italy Industrial accident victims (39% with PTSD) and matched controls
Fu et al (2013) 25 2132
1988
50.5(19.9)
50.2(19.5)
China Child and adolescent survivors of Sichuan earthquake. Mean age 11.7 yrs (range 6-16). Control and intervention groups were studied.
Kukihara et al (2014) 25 241 50.8 (19.6) Japan Older adult survivors of Fukshima earthquake, tsunami and nuclear accident; 53% PTSD and 67% depression


Table 3b. Mean (SD) CD-RISC 10-Item Scores in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder & Subjects Exposed to Severe Trauma

Authors Scale Number Mean (SD) Location Comments
Grattan et al (2011) 10
10
10
10
71
23
47
47
29.1(6.1)
29.9(5.9)
30.0(6.5)
28.5(5.5)
USA
USA
USA
USA
Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill
Melvin et al (2012) 10 60 31.0 (6.5) USA Combat veteran couples
McCanlies et al (2014) 10 114 29.9 (6.3) USA Police officers post Hurricane Katrina
Rainey et al (2014) 10 110 31.3 USA Traumatic injury; hospitalized patients
Pietrzak et al (2014) 10 1686 30.3 (6.6) USA National sample of older veterans age 60-96
Davidson et al (2008) 10 329 20.1
19.9
International
International
Prior to drug treatment
Prior to receiving placebo
Klasen et al (2010) 10 330 22.7 (8.3) Uganda Former child soldiers aged 11-17
Tran et al (2013) 10 84 25.9 (6.7)
31.1 (6.1)
Austria WWII survivors with PTSD
WWII survivors without PTSD
Wang et al (2010) 10 341 24.8(7.4)
20.8(6.3)
26.8(6.3)
China Earthquake survivors – whole group
PTSD group
Non-PTSD controls
Wu et al (2015) 10 318 24.8 (7.5) China Earthquake survivors (Results given in paper based on 1-5 scoring algorithm, and are corrected here)
Duan et al (2014) 10 95 25.5 (4.9) China University students with PTSD and posttraumatic growth
Okuyama et al (2014) 10 1973 20.5 (0.7) Japan Adolescent survivors of Great East Japan Earthquake


Table 3c. Mean (SD) CD-RISC 2-Item Scores in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder & Subjects Exposed to Severe Trauma

Authors Scale Number Mean (SD) Location Comments
Davidson et al (2008) 2 329 4.53
4.56
International
International
Prior to receiving drug
Prior to receiving placebo
Jeong et al (2015) 2 222 6.0 (1.2)
5.1 (1.5)
4.4 (1.5)
Korean firefighters Control group
PTSD or depression alone
PTSD with depression


Table 4. Mean (SD) CD-RISC 25-Item Scores in Subjects with Depression, Suicide Attempts or Suicidality

Authors Scale N Mean (SD) Location Comments
Davidson et al (2005) 25 41 57.1 (13.3) USA Major depression outpatient sample
Pietrzak et al (2009b) 25 34 60.9 (2.8 se) USA Suicide attempting OIF/OEF veterans
Vahia et al (2010) 25 401
  137
71.7 (12.5)
63.4 (14.7)
USA Community sample post-menopausal women with sub threshold depression
Community sample post-menopausal women with major depression
Lavretsky et al (2010) 25 20
20
60.2 (16.7)
66.6 (17.7)
USA
USA
Alzheimer’s Caregivers
Alzheimer’s Caregivers
Lavretsky et al (2011) 25 36
37
60.5 (14.0)
56.9 (13.4)
USA Depressed older subjects to receive tai chi or health education
Singh et al (2014) 25 90 77.4 CT
55.5 RA
47.7 DP
India Psychogeriatric and medical geriatric OP sample. Depression < Rheumatoid arthritis < Healthy controls
Roy et al (2006) 25 41 49.8 Italy Suicide attempting substance abusers
Camardese et al (2007) 25 102 53.3 (15.2)
41.2 (19.5)
Italy Major depression which responded to treatment
  Depression which failed to respond.
Roy et al (2007) 25 30 39.7 (3.7 se) Italy Suicide attempting substance abusers, some with history of depression
Sarchiapone et al (2009) 25 131 56.4 (16.0) Italy Prisoners with history of suicide attempt
Min et al (2012) 25 80 46.1 (18.7) Korea Major depression, dysthymia or depression NOS
Seok et al (2012) 25 52 43.9
64.9
Korea Major depressive disorder
Healthy controls
Min et al (2013) 25 230 47.4(20.2) Korea Outpatients with depression and/or anxiety disorder
Um et al (2014) 25 254 46.0 (20.8) Korea Depressed outpatients
Choi et al (2015) 25 62
62
60.5
72.8
Korea Euthymic bipolar disorder patients
Healthy controls
Dodding et al (2008) 25 9 39.0 (12.2) Australia Major depression
Nrugham et al (2010) 25 76
176
55.4 (13.4)
62.4 (13.6)
Norway Depressed teenagers with history of suicide attempt
Depressed subjects without suicide history


Table 5a. Mean (SD) CD-RISC 25-Item Scores in Groups with Other Psychiatric Disorders

Authors Scale Number Mean (SD) Location Comments
Connor et al (2003) 25 24 62.4 (10.7) USA Generalized anxiety disorder
Simon et al (2009) 25 103 48.7 (15.6) USA Generalized social anxiety disorder
Sutherland et al (2009) 25 64 63.8 (17.7) USA Chemical dependency
Roy et al (2006) 25 59 62.7 Italy Abstinent substance abusers
Roy et al (2007) 25 70 62.9 (2.5 se) Italy Abstinent substance abusers
Carli et al (2011) 25 1,420 64.3 (14.7) Italy 1,427 prisoners, 568 with insomnia – RISC was lower in the insomnia group (data not given).
Carli et al (2013) 25 1356 65.1(14.1) Italy Male prisoners – 51% with Axis I disorder (Substance use disorder in 39%)
Deane and Andresen (2006) 25 24 60.3 (18.5) Australia Schizophrenia
Deane and Andresen (2006) 25 119 63.0 (18.3) Australia Schizophrenia
Hansen and Thomassen (2010) 25 15 57.1 (14.4) Norway Schizophrenia
Torgalsbøen (2012) 25 15 61.3(13.3) Norway Schizophrenia in recovery or remission
Jafari et al (2010) 25 27 53(10), 52(5) Iran Males with substance dependence
Min et al (2012) 25 41 53.6(21.0) Korea GAD, panic, OCD, SAD mostly
Solano & Neto (2012) 25 108
41
57.7
52.1
Brazil Anxiety
Borderline Personality Disorder
Hoseiny et al (2015) 25 30
30
38.1(2.2)
37.1(3.3)
Iran Opiate dependence
Marulanda and Addington (2014) 25 40
40
59.2(15.0)
70.6(11.5)
Canada High risk for psychosis
College student controls


Table 5b. Mean (SD) CD-RISC 10-Item Scores in Groups with Other Psychiatric Disorders

Authors Scale Number Mean (SD) Location Comments
Hartley (2012) 10 121 19.6(8.2) USA Student counseling clinic sample


Table 5c. Mean (SD) CD-RISC 2 Item Scores in Groups with Other Psychiatric Disorders

Authors Scale Number Mean (SD) Location Comments
Draper et al (2014) 2 210 5.9 (2.0) Australia Geriatric in- and outpatients; 36% depressed