Abolghasemi A, Rajabi S, Sheikhi M, Kiamarsi A, Sadrolmamaleki V. Comparison of resilience, positive/negative affect, and psychological vulnerability between Iranian infertile and fertile men. Iran J Psychiatry 2013; 7: 9-15.
Abrams TE, Ogletree R, Ratnapradipa D, Neumeister M. Resiliency theory in psychosocial burn research; A qualitative analysis. Poster presented at National Conference of American Burn Association, Chicago, April 20-25, 2015.
Ahmad S, Feder A, Lee EJ, Wang Y, Southwick SM, Schlackman E, Buchholz K, Alonso A, Charney DS. Earthquake impact in a remote South Asian population: psychosocial factors and posttraumatic symptoms. J Traumatic Stress 2010; 23: 408-412.
Ahmed A. Post-traumatic stress disorder, resilience and vulnerability. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment. 2007; 13: 369-375. (Review article)
Allan JF, McKenna J, Dominey S. Degrees of resilience: profiling psychological resilience and prospective academic achievement in university inductees. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling 2014; 42: 9-25.
Almedom AM, Glandon D. Resilience is not the absence of PTSD any more than health is the absence of disease. J Loss and Trauma 2007; 12: 127-143 (Review article).
Aloba O, Olabisi O, Aloba T. The 10-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale: factorial structure, reliability, validity, and correlates among student nurses in Southwestern Nigeria. J Amer Psychiatr Nurses Assoc 2016; 22: 43-51.
Altaha N, Kraus S. Kill the Indian, Save the Man: Native American Historical Trauma in College Students. Dissertation accessed at http://eprints.fortlewis.edu/45/2/Noel_FINAL_META_PDF .
Amble TC, et al. The impact of resilience on anxiety in African-American breast cancer survivors and cancer-free women. Poster presentation at Annual Conference for the National Association of Black Psychologists, Houston, TX, 2007.
Anderson KM, Bang E-J. Assessing PTSD and resilience for females who during childhood were exposed to domestic violence. Child & Family Social Work 2012a; 17: 55-65.
Anderson KM, Renner LM, Danis FS. Recovery, resilience and growth in the aftermath of domestic violence. Violence Women 2012b; 18: 1279-1299.
Andresen R, Caputi P, Oades L. The stages of recovery instrument: development of a measure of recovery from serious mental illness. Austr NZ Journal of Psychiatry. 2006; 40: 972-980.
Antunez JM, Navarro JF, Adan A. Circadian typology is related to resilience and optimism in healthy adults. Chronobiology Int 2015 March 23, Epub ahead of print.
Arce A, et al. Association between individual differences in self-reported emotional resilience and the affective perception of neutral faces. J Affective Disorders, 2008, doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2008.08.015.
Baek H-S, Lee K-U, Joo E-J, Lee M-Y, Choi K-S. Reliability and validity of the Korean version of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (K-CD-RISC). Psychiatric Investigation: Official Journal of the Korean Neuropsychiatric Association 2010; 7: 109-115.
Bajaj B, Pande N. Mediating role of resilience in the impact of mindfulness on life satisfaction and affect as indices of subjective wellbeing. Personality and Individual Differences 2015. DOI: 10.1061/jpaid/2015.09.005.
Bell KR, Brockway JA, Fann JR, Cole WR, St. De Lore J, Bush N, Lang AJ, Hart T, Warren M, Dikmen S, Temkin N, Jain S, Raman R, Stein MB. Concussion treatment after combat trauma: Development of a telephone-based, problem solving intervention for service members. Contemp Clin Trials 2014.
Benetti C, Kambouropoulos N. Affect-regulated indirect effects of trait anxiety and trait resilience on self-esteem. Personality and Individual Differences, 2006; 41: 341-352.
Bensimon M. Elaboration on the association between trauma, PTSD and posttraumatic growth: the role of trait resilience. Personality and Individual Differences 2012; 52: 782-787.
Besharat MA, Zarpour SMA, Bahrami-Ehsan H, Rostami R, Mirdamadi MJ. Comparison of personality characteristics of individuals with irritable bowel syndrome and healthy individuals. Journal of Clinical Psychology 2010; 2: 9-16.
Bitsika V, Sharpley CF, Peters K. How is resilience associated with anxiety and depression? Analysis of factor score interactions within a homogeneous sample. German Journal of Psychiatry 2010; 13: 9-16.
Black R, Dorstyn D. A biopsychosocial model of resilience for multiple sclerosis. J Health Psychology 2013; DOI: 101177/1359105313512879.
Blanc J, Rahill GJ, Laconi S, Mouchenik Y. Religious beliefs, PTSD, depression and resilience in survivors of the 2010 Haiti earthquake. J Affective Disorders 2016; 190: 697-703.
Bodde MI, Schrier E, Krans HK, Geertzen JH, Dijkstra PU. Resilience in patients with amputation because of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome type 1. Disability and Rehabilitation 2013; DOI: 10.3109/09638288.2013.822023.
Bradley B, Davis TA, Wingo AP, Mercer KB, Ressler KJ. Family environment and adult resilience: contributions of positive parenting and the oxytocin receptor gene. Europ J Psychotraumatology 2013; 4: 21659. http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ejpt.v410.21659 .
Breno AL, Paz Galupo M. Sexual abuse histories of young women in the US Child Welfare System: a focus on trauma-related beliefs and resilience. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse 2007; 16: 97-113.
Brown DL. African-American resiliency: examining racial socialization and social support as protective factors. J Black Psychology, 2008; 34: 32-38.
Brown DL, Tylka TL. Racial discrimination and resilience in African American young adults: examining racial socialization as a moderator. J Black Psychology 2011; 37: 259-285.
Bruwer B, Emsley R, Kidd M, Lochner C, Seedat S. Psychometric properties of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support in youth. Comprehensive Psychiatry. 2008; 49: 195-201
Bullock WA. Measuring the Promise of Recovery: A compendium of recovery and recovery-related instruments, Part II. In, Campbell-Orde T, Garrett E & Leff S (Eds). The Evaluation Centers @ HSRI. Cambridge, MA. 2005.
Burns RA, Anstey KJ. The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC): Testing the invariance of a uni-dimensional measure that is independent of positive and negative affect. Personality and Individual Differences, 2010; 48: 527-533.
Burns RA, Anstey KJ, Windsor TW. Subjective well-being mediates the effects of resilience and mastery on depression and anxiety in a large community sample of young and middle-aged adults. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 2010; Early online, 1-9.
Burrow-Sanchez J, Corrales C, Jensen CO, Meyers K. Resilience in a sample of Mexican-American adolescents with substance use disorders. Psychological Assessment 2014, http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pas0000011.
Calcote JC, Carson AI, Peskin MF, Emery RJ. Assessing postdisaster psychological stress in hazardous waste operations and emergency response (HAZWOPER) workers. Disaster Med and Public Health Prep 2013; 7: 452-460.
Camardese G, et al. Plasma cortisol levels and resilience in depressed patients. Eur Neuropsychopharmacology, 2007; 17: Suppl 4: 338-339 (Abstract). Poster presented at 20th Meeting, ECNP, Vienna, October 13-17, 2007.
Camardese G, et al. Predicting response in difficult-to-treat depressed patients. Eur Neuropsychopharmacology, 2007; Suppl 4: S 326-327 (Abstract).
Campbell-Sills L, Cohan SL, Stein MB. Relationship of resilience to personality, coping and psychiatric symptoms in young adults. Behav Res & Ther, 2006; 44: 585-599.
Campbell-Sills L, Stein MB. Psychometric analysis and refinement of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC): validation of a 10-item measure of resilience. J Traumatic Stress, 2007: 20: 1019-1028.
Campbell-Sills L, Forde D, Stein MB. Demographic and childhood environmental predictors of resilience in a community sample. J Psychiatric Res, 2009; 43: 1007-1012. doi:10:106/j.psychires.2009.01.013 and personal communicaton to Dr. Davidson, October 5, 2015.
Carli V, Jovanovic N, Podlesek A, Roy A, Rihmer Z, Maggi S, Marusic D, Cesaro C, Marusic A, Sarchiapone M. The role of impulsivity in self-mutilators, suicide ideators and suicide attempters – A study of 1265 incarcerated individuals. Journal of Affective Disorders 2010 ; 123 : 116-122.
Carli V, Roy A, Bevilacqua L, Maggi S, Cesaro C, Sarchiapone M. Insomnia and suicidal behaviour in prisoners. Psychiatry Research 2011 ; 185 : 141-145.
Carli V, Mandelli L, Zaninotto L, Roy A, Recchia L, Stoppia L, Gatta V. A protective genetic variant for adverse environments ? The role of childhood traumas and serotonin transporter gene on resilience and depressive severity in a high-risk population. European Psychiatry 2011 ; 26 : 471-478.
Carli V, Mandelli L, Zaninotto L, Alberti S, Roy A, Serretti A, Sarchiapone M. Trait-aggressiveness and impulsivity : Role of psychological resilience and childhood trauma in a sample of male prisoners. Nordic J Psychiatry 2013 ; DOI 10.3109/08039488.2012.756061.
Catalano D, et al. Confirmatory factor analysis of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale. Poster presentation at 116th Annual Meeting, American Psychological Association, Boston. MA. August 14-17, 2008.
Catalano D, Chan F, Wilson L, Chiu C-Y, Muller VR. The buffering effect of resilience on depression among individuals with spinal-cord injury: a structural equation model. Rehabilitation Psychology 2011; 56: 200-211.
Chan AOM, Chan YH, Kee JPC. Exposure to crises and resiliency of health care workers in Singapore. Occupational Medicine 2013; 63: 141-144.
Chana N, Kennedy P, Chessell ZJ. Nursing staffs’emotional well-being and caring behaviours. J Clinical Nursing 2015. DOI: 10.1111/jocn.12891.
Chen X, Wang Y, Yan Y. The Essential Resilience Scale: Instrument development and prediction of perceived health and behavior. Stress and Health 2015. Wiley Online. DOI: 10.1002/smi.2659.
Chen Y, Shen WW, Gao K, Lam CS, Chang WC, Deng H. Effectiveness RCT of a CBT intervention for youths who lost parents in the Sichuan, China, Earthquake. Psychiatric Services 2014; 65: 259-262.
Choi J-W, Cha B, Jang J, Park C-S, Kim B-J, Lee C-S, Lee S-J. Resilience and impulsivity in euthymic patients with bipolar disorder. Journal of Affective Disorders 2015; 170: 172-177.
Christensen . Resilience and health outcomes in patients with traumatic injury. Dissertation thesis 2011 accessed at http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc84187/m2/1/high_res_d/thesis.pdf. February 2 , 2014.
Clauss-Ehlers C, Wibrowski CR. Building educational resilience and social support: the effects of the educational and opportunity fund program among first- and second-generation college students. J College Student Development 2007 September/October; 48: 574-584.
Cleverley K, Kidd SA. Resiliency and suicidality among homeless youth. J Adolescence 2011; 34: 1049-1054.
Coates EE, Phares V, Dedrick RF. Psychometric properties of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale 10 among low-income, African-American men. Psychol Assessment 2013; 25: 1349-1354.
Cohen DG, Christie JD, Anderson BJ, Diamond JM, Judy RP, Shah RJ, Cantu E, Bellamy SL, Blumenthal NP, Demissie E, Hopkins RO, Mikkelsen ME. Cognitive function, mental health, and health-related quality of life after lung transplant. Annals Am Thoracic Soc 2014; 11: 522-529.
Connell MA, Omole O, Subramaney U, Olorungu S. Post traumatic stress disorder and resilience in veterans who served in the South African border war. African J Psychiatry 2013; doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ajpsy.v16i6.55 .
Connor KM, Davidson JRT. Development of a new resilience scale: the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC). Depression and Anxiety, 2003: 18: 71-82.
Connor KM, Davidson JRT, Lee L-C. Spirituality, resilience, and anger in survivors of violent trauma: a community study. J Traumatic Stress, 2003; 16: 487-494.
Connor KM, Zhang W. Resilience: determinants, measurement and treatment responsiveness. CNS Spectrums, 2006; 11 (Suppl 12): 5-12.
Connor KM, Vaishnavi S, Davidson JRT, Sheehan DV, Sheehan KH. Perceived stress in anxiety disorders and the general population: a study of the Sheehan Stress Vulnerability Scale. Psychiatry Res, 2007; 151: 249-254.
Cosco TD, Kauschal A, Richards M, Kuh D, Stafford M. Resilience measurement in later life: a systematic review and psychometric analysis. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 2016; 14: 16. DOI 10:1186/s12955-016-0418-6.
Cox J. Relationship satisfaction and resilience: military couples and deployment. Human Communication: A Publication of the Pacific and Asian Communication Association 2012; 15: 41-57.
Craig A, Perry KN, Guest R, Tran Y, Middleton J. Adjustment following chronic spinal cord injury: Determining factors that contribute to social participation. Br J Health Psychology 2015. DOI: 10.1111/bjhp.12143.
Craig A, Perry KN, Guest R, Tran Y, Dezarnaulds A, Hales A, Ephraums C, Middleton J. Prospective study of the occurrence of psychological disorders and comorbidities after spinal injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2015. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2015.02.027.
CTA White Paper: In-Theater Combat Operations Stress Reaction (COSR) Health Risk Assessment and Management. Computer Technology Associates Inc. Accessed Feb 25, 2009 (Study Project).
Cuomo C, Sarchiapone M, Di Giannantonio, Mancini M, Roy A. Aggression, impulsivity, personality traits, and childhood trauma of prisoners with substance abuse and addiction. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2008; 34: 339-345.
Dale S, Cohen M, Weber K, Cruise R, Kelso G, Brody L. Abuse and resilience in relation to HAART medication adherence and HIV viral load among women with HIV in the United States. AIDS Patient Care and STDs, 2014a; 28(3): 136-140.
Dale SK, Cohen MH, Kelso GA, Cruise RC, Weber KM, Burke-Miller JK, Brody LR. Resilience among women with HIV: Impact of silencing the self and socioeconomic factors. Sex Roles 2014b; 70: 221-231.
Dale SK, Cohen MH, Kelso GA, Cruise RC, Weber KM, Burke-Miller JK, Brody LR. Resilience among women with HIV: Impact of silencing the self and socioeconomic factors. Sex Roles 2014b; 70: 221-231.
Dale SK, Weber KM, Cohen MH, Kelso GA, Cruise RC, Brody LR. Resilience moderates the association between childhood sexual abuse and depressive symptoms among women with and at-risk for HIV. AIDS Behav 2014c, http://doi.10.1007/s10461-014-0855-3.
Daniels JK, Hegadoren KM, Coupland NJ, Rowe BH, Densmore M, Neufeld RW, Lanius RA. Neural correlates and predictive power of trait resilience in an acutely traumatized sample: a pilot study. J Clin Psychiatry, 2012; 73: 327-332.
Das D, Cherbuin N, Tan X, Anstey KJ, Easteal S. DRD4-exonIII-VNTR moderates the effect of childhood adversities on emotional resilience in young-adults. PLOS One 2011; 6(5): e20177: 1-6.
Davidson JRT, Payne VM, Connor KM, Foa EB, Weisler RH. Trauma, resilience and saliostasis: effects of treatment in post-traumatic stress disorder. Int Clin Psychopharmacology, 2005; 20: 43-48.
Davidson JRT, Connor KM, Lee L-C. Beliefs in karma and reincarnation among survivors of violent trauma. A community study. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol, 2005; 40: 120-125.
Davidson JRT, et al. Effects of paroxetine and venlafaxine XR on heart rate variability in depression. J Clin Psychopharmacology, 2005: 25: 480-484.
Davidson JRT, Baldwin DS, Stein DJ, Kuper E, Benattia I, Ahmed S, Petersen R, Musgnung J. Treatment of posttraumatic stress with venlafaxine extended-release. A 6 month controlled trial. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 2006a; 63: 1158-1165.
Davidson JRT, Rothbaum BO, Tucker P, Asnis G, Benattia I, Musgnung JL. Venlafaxine-extended release in posttraumatic stress disorder: a sertraline- and placebo-controlled study. J Clinical Psychopharmacology 2006b; 26: 259-267; and erratum 2006; 26: 473 on the matter of dosage .
Davidson JRT, Stein DJ, Rothbaum BO, Petersen R, Tien XW, Musgnung J. Resilience as a predictor of remission in posttraumatic stress disorder. Poster presented at 19th Annual Meeting, US Psychiatric and Mental Health Congress, New Orleans, LA November 15-19, 2006c.
Davidson JRT, Baldwin DS, Stein DJ, Petersen R, Ahmed S, Musgnung JL, Benattia I, Rothbaum BO. Effects of venlafaxine extended-release in post-traumatic stress disorder: an item analysis of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC). Int Clin Psychopharmacology, 2008; 23: 299-303.
Davidson JRT, Stein DJ, Rothbaum BO, Petersen R, Szumski A, Rothbaum BO. Resilience as predictor of treatment response in posttraumatic stress disorder patients treated with venlafaxine extended release or placebo. Journal of Psychopharmacology 2012; 26: 778-783.
Davidson JR, Brady K, Mellman TA, Stein MB, Pollack MH. The efficacy and tolerability of tiagabine in adult patients with post-traumatic stress disorder. J Clin Psychopharmacol. 2007; 27(1): 85-88.
Davidson JRT, Lee L-C. Forgiveness, resilience and violent trauma in the US population. Unpublished data, 2015.
Deane FP, Andresen R. Evolution and sustainability of the Helping Hands Volunteer Program: consumer recovery and mental health comparisons six years on. Austr J Rehabilitation Counselling 2006; 12(2): 88-103. (See Erratum published in AJRC 2010; 16: 1. Note: Owing to incorrect scoring of the RISC, where a range of 1-5 was used, in contrast to the 0-4 range per item, the authors’ revised their conclusion to state that the mean CD-RSC scores in schizophrenia were in fact lower than those found by Connor and Davidson in psychiatric outpatients).
De Manincor M, Bensoussan A, Smith CA, Barr K, Schweickle M, Donoghoe L-L. Bourchier S, Fahey P. Individualized yoga for reducing depression and anxiety, and improving well-being: A randomized controlled trials. Depression and Anxiety 2016 10.1002/da.22502.
Denz-Penhey H, Murdoch JC. Personal resiliency: serious diagnosis and prognosis with unexpected quality outcomes. Qualitative Health Res 2008; 18(3): 391-404. (Comment: CD-RISC discussed but not used as a measure ).
De Robert SC, Barontini M, Forcada P, Carrizo P, Almada L. Psychological stress and low resilience: a risk factor for hypertension. Cardiovascular Prevention 2010; 78: 425-431.
Derakhshanad SA, Piven E, Rassafiani M, Hosseini SA, Shahboulaghi FM. Standardization of Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale in Iranian subjects with cerebrovascular accident. J Rehabil Sci and Research 2014; 1: 73-77.
DeSimone JA, Harms PD, Vanhove AJ, Herian ML. Development and validation of the Five x Five Resilience Scale. Assessment 2016. DOI: 10.1177/1073191115625803.
Devilly GJ, Varker G. The prevention of trauma reactions in police officers. Decreasing reliance on drugs and alcohol. New recruit Victorian police officers. National Drug Law Enforcement Research Fund (NDLERF), GPO Box 2944, Canberra. ACT 2601. http://ndlerf.gov.au/sites/defalut/files/publication-documents/monographs/monograph47.pdf.
DiFabio A, Saklofskie DH. Promoting individual resources: the challenge of trait emotional intelligence. Personality and Individual Differences 2014; http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2014.01.026.
Dinsmore JA, Johnson N, Hoff DD. The relationship between college students’ resilience level and type of alcohol use. International Journal of Psychology :A Biopsychosocial Approach 2011; 8: 67-82.
Dodd Z. Effects of adult romantic attachment and social support on resilience and depression in patients with acquired disabilities. Dissertation, University of North Texas. August 2010. Accessed at http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc30452/m2/1/high_res_d/dissertation.pdf .
Dodding CJ, Nasel DD, Murphy M, Howell C. All in for mental health: a pilot study of group therapy for people experiencing anxiety and/or depression and a significant other of their choice. Mental Health in Family Medicine 2008; 5: 41-49.
Dolbier CL, Jaggers SS, Steinhardt MA. Stress-related growth: pre-intervention correlates and change following a resilience intervention. Stress and Health 2009. DOI: 10.1002/smi.1275.
Dowrick C. Resilience and depression. Psychiatric Quarterly 2008; 1: 1-3. (Comment: CD-RISC discussed but not used as a measure ).
Draper B, Ridley N, Johnco C, Withall A, Sim W, Freeman M, Contini E, Lintzeris N. Screening for alcohol and substance use for older people in geriatric hospital and community health settings. Int Psychogeriatrics 2014; 1-20. doi: 10.1017/S1041610214002014.
Duan W, Guo P, Gan P. Relationships among trait resilience, virtues, post-traumatic stress disorder, and post-traumatic growth. PLoS ONE 2015; DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0125707. May 1.
Dubey C, DeMaria J, Hoeppli C, Betticher DC, Eicher M. Resilience and unmet supportive care needs in patients with cancer during early treatment: a descriptive study. Eur J Oncol Nursing 2015. http//dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejon.2015.03.004.
Dutton MA, Greene R. Resilience and crime victimization. J Traumatic Stress 2010; 23: 215-222. (Review article)
Ebrahimi A, Keykhosrovani M, Dehghani M, Javdan M. Investigating the relationship between resiliency, spiritual intelligence and mental health of a group of undergraduate students. Life Science Journal 2012; 9:67-70.
Eisenach JH, Sprung J, Clark MM, Shanafelt TD, Johnson BD, Kruse TN, Chantigian DP, Carter JR, Long TR. The psychological and physiological effects of acute occupational stress in new anesthesiology residents. A pilot trial. Anesthesiology 2014; 121: 876-893.
Elbogen EB, Johnson SC, Wagner HR, Newton VM, Timko C, Vasterling JJ, Beckham JC. Protective factors and risk modification of violence in Iraqi and Afghanistan war veterans. J Clin Psychiatry 2012; 73: e767-e773.
Elizondo-Omana R, et al. Resilience in medical students. Surg Radiol Anat 2007; 29: 450 (abstract).
Elizondo-Omana R, Lopez SG. Resilience as a factor associated with academic success. The FASEB Journal 2008; 22: lb9 (abstract). 9th Congress of the European Association of Clinical Anatomy, Prague. 2007; 11-15.
Erratum: Elizondo-Omana RE, Garcia-Rodriguez M de L, Hinojosa-Amaya JM, Villareal-Silva EE, Avilan RIG, Cruz JJB, et al. Resilience does not predict academic performance in gross anatomy. Anat Sci Educ 2010; 3: 168-173. Erratum published Anat Sci Educ 2011; 4: 56.
Elizondo-Omana RE, Garcia-Rodriguez M de L, Hinojosa-Amaya JM, Villareal-Silva EE, Avilan RIG, Cruz JJB, et al. Resilience does not predict academic performance in gross anatomy. Anat Sci Educ 2010; 3: 168-173.
Elliott D. Facebook, resilience and army spouses with combat deployment. Dissertation submitted to Wake Forest University Graduate School of Arts and Sciences. May 2011. Accessed at http://wakepsace.lib.wfu.edu/jspui/handle/10339/33435 .
Fadardi JS, Azad H, Nemati A. The relationship between resilience, motivational structure, and substance use. Procedia Soc Behav Sci 2010; 5: 1956-1960.
Farkas D, Orosz G. Ego-resiliency reloaded: a three-component model of general resiliency. PLoS ONE 2015, March 27. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0120883. [Scale scored on 1-5 range] .
Fernandez AC, Fehon DC, Treloar H, Ng R, Sledge WH. Resilience in organ transplantation: an application of the Connor-Davidson Resilience scale (CD-RISC) with liver transplant candidates. J Personality Assessment 2015; DOI: 10.1080/00223891.2015.1029620.
Firoozi M, Besharat MA, Boogar ER. Emotional regulation and adjustment to childhood cancer: role of the biological, psychological and social regulators on pediatric oncology adjustment. Iran J Cancer Prev 2013; 2: 65-72.
Fjeldheim CB, Nöthling J, Pretorius K, Basson M, Ganasen K, Heneke R. Trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress disorder and the effect of explanatory variables in paramedic trainees. BMC Emergency Medicine 2014; 14:11; 1-7.
Fougere A, Daffern M. Resilience in young offenders. Int J Forensic Mental Health 2011; 10: 244-253. (Review article).
Fu C, Leoutsakos J-M, Underwood C. An examination of resilence cross-culturally in child and adolescent survivors of the 2008 China earthquake using the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC). J Affective Dis 2013, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2013.10041.
Fu C, Leoutsakos J-M, Underwood C. Moderating effects of a post-disaster intervention on risk and resilience factors associated with posttraumatic stress disorder in Chinese children. J Traumatic Stress 2013; 26: 663-670.
Fujikawa M, Lee E-J, Chan F, Catalano D, Hunter C, Bengtson K, Rahimi M. The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale as a positive psychology measure for people with spinal cord injuries. Rehabilitation Research, Policy, and Education 2013; 27: 213-222.
Fyncham DS, Altes LK, Stein DJ, Seedat S. Posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in adolescents: risk factors versus resilience moderation. Comprehensive Psychiatry 2009; 50: 193-199.
Gabriel AS, Dieffendorf JM, Erickson RJ. The relations of daily task accomplishment satisfaction with changes in affect: a multilevel study in nurses. J Applied Psychology 2011; 96: 1095-1104 . (Note in text on the corrected scoring – it should be 66.49, rather than 91.49).
Garcia-Izquierdo AL, Ramos-Villagrasa PJ, Garzia-Izquierdo M. Los Big Five y el efecto moderador de la resistencia en el agotamiento emocional (Big Five factors and resiliency moderator effect on emotional exhaustion). Rev de Psicologia del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones 2009; 25 (2): 135-147.
Garcia GM, Calvo JCA. Emotional exhaustion of nursing staff: influence of emotional annoyance and resilience. International Nursing Review 2011; 101-107.
Garcia GM, Calvo JCA. Psychometric properties of Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale in a Spanish sample of entrepreneurs. Psicothema 2013; 25: 245-251.
Gayton SD, Lovell GP. Resilience in ambulance service paramedics and its relationships with well-being and general health. Traumatology 2012; 18: 58-64.
Genet JJ, Siemer M. Flexible control in processing affective and non-affective material predicts individual differences in trait resilience. Cognition and emotion 2013; 25: 380-388.
Gesundheit B, Reichenberg E, RD. Resilience: message from a “Mengele twin” study. Psychiatric Services 2011; 62: 1127-1129.
Ghisi M, Novara C, Buodo G, Kimble MO, Scozzari S, Di Natale A, Sanavio E, Palomba D. Psychological distress and post-traumatic symptoms following occupational accidents. Behav Sci 2013; 3: 587-600.
Giesbrecht T, Abidi K, Smeets T, Merckelbach H, van Oorsouw K, Raymaekers L. Adversity does not always lead to psychopathology: cognitive reactivity is related to longitudinal changes in resilience. Netherlands J Psychology, 2009; 65: 62-68.
Gillespie BM, et al. The influence of personal characteristics on the resilience of operating room nurses: a predictor study. International Journal of Nursing Studies, doi:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2007.08.006.
Gillespie BM, Chaboyer W, Wallis M, P. Resilience in the operating room: developing and testing of a resilience model. J Advanced Nursing, 2007; 59(4): 427-438.
Gillispie SK, Britt TW, Burnette CM, McFadden AC. Employee mental health treatment seeking: perceptions of responsibility and resilience. J Workplace Behavioral Health 2016; 31: 1-18.
Goins RT, Gregg JJ, Fiske A. Psychometric properties of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale with older American Indians: the Native Elder Study. Research on Aging 2012; doi
Goldstein AL, Faulkner B, Wekerle C. The relationship among internal resilience, smoking, alcohol use, and depression symptoms in emerging adults transitioning out of child welfare. Child Abuse & Neglect, 2013: 37: 22-32.
Gonzalez Castro F, Rios R. Early life correlates of resilient coping among drug users in recovery. Poster presentation at 13th Annual Meeting, Society for Prevention Research, Washington, DC. May 27, 2005.
Gonzalez SP, Moore EWG, Newton M, Galli NA. Validity and reliability of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) in competitive sport. Psychology of Sport and Exercise 2016; 23: 31-39.
Gonzalez VBA, Sierra MTC, Martinez BA, Martinez-Molina A, Ponce FP. An in-depth psychometric analysis of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale: calibration with the Rasch-Andrich model. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 2015; 13: 154. DOI: 10.1186/s12955-015-0345-y.
Gowenlock L. The use of meditation to promote resilience in deployed medical personnel. Accessed 08-22-2014 at http://www.theracoustic.com/sites/default/files/US_Army_Study.pdf.
Graham C. The influence of psychological strengths on health of older Australians receiving minimal community support. Poster presentation, Symposium “Sustaining Optimal Ageing” International Conference on Healthy Aging and Longevity. Melbourne, VIC, Australia, October 14, 2006.
Gowenlock L. The use of meditation to promote resilience in deployed medical personnel. Accessed 08-22-2014 at http://www.theracoustic.com/sites/default/files/US_Army_Study.pdf.
Graham DP, Helmer DA, Harding MJ, Kosten TR, Petersen NJ, Nielsen DA. Serotonin transporter genotype and mild traumatic brain injury independently influence resilience and perception of limitation in veterans. J Psychiatric Research 2013; 47: 835-842.
Grattan LM, Roberts S, Mahan WT Jr., McLaughlin KJ, Otwell WS. The early psychological impacts of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill on Florida and Alabama communities. Environ Health Perspectives 2011; 119: 838-843.
Green KT, Calhoun PS, Dennis MF, the Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Center Workgroup; and Beckham JC. Exploration of the resilience construct in posttraumatic stress disorder severity and functional correlates in military combat veterans who have served since September 11, 2001. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 2010; 71: 823-830.
Green KT, Hayward LC, Williams AM, Dennis PA, Bryan BC, Taber KH, Davidson JRT, Beckham JC, Calhoun PS. Examining the factor structure of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) in a post 9/11 U.S. military veteran sample. J Psychological Trauma, Theory, Research, Practice and Policy. 2014; DOI: 10.1177/1073191114524014.
Green KT, Beckham JC, Youssef N, Elbogen EB. Alcohol misuse and psychological resilience among U.S. Iraq and Afghanistan era veterans. Addictive Behav 2014; 39: 406-414.
Green KT, Beckham JC, Youssef N, Elbogen EB. Alcohol misuse and psychological resilience among U.S. Iraq and Afghanistan era veterans. Addictive Behav 2014; 39: 406-414.
Gucciardi DF, Gordon S. Development and preliminary validation of the Cricket Mental Toughness Inventory (CMTI). Journal of Sports Sciences 2009; 27: 1293-1310.
Gucciardi DF, Jackson B, Coulter TJ, Mallett CJ. The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC): dimensionality and age-related measurement invariance with Australian cricketers. Psychology of Sport and Exercise 2011, doi:10.1016/jpsychsport.2011.02.005.
Guest R, Perry KN, Ephraums C, Hales A, Crino R, Craig A, Tran Y, Dezarnaulds A, Middleton J. Resilience following spinal cord injury: a prospective controlled study investigating the influence of the provision of group cognitive behavior therapy during inpatient rehabilitation. Rehabilitation Psychology 2015. Doi.org/10.1037/rep0000052.
Gulbrandsen C. Measuring older women’s resilience: Evaluating the suitability of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale and the Resilience Scale. J Women & Aging 2016. DOI: 10.1080/08952841.2014.951200.
Ha RY, Kang JI, An SK, Cho H-S. Some psychological correlates affecting recognition of neutral facial emotion in young adults. J Korean Neuropsychiatric Association 2009; 48: 481-487.
Haase L, Stewart JL, Youssef B, May AC, Isakovic S, Simmons AL, Johnson DC, Potterat EG, Paulus MP. When the brain does not adequately feel the body: Links between low resilience and interoception. Biological Psychology 2016; 113: 37-45.
Hamel CJ, Jackson DS. Highlights of the 2008 Institute on Psychiatric Services. Psychiatric Services 2009; 60: 11-16.
Hammermeister J, Pickering MA, McGraw L, Ohlson C. The relationship between sport related psychological skills and indicators of PTSD among Stryker Brigade soldiers: the mediating effects of perceived psychological resilience. J Sports Behavior 2012; 35: 40-60. [Note: CD-RISC was scored 1-5. Corrected means are given in table and text of the manual].
Hanks RA, Rapport LJ, Perrine RW, Millis SR. Correlates of resilience in the first 5 years after traumatic brain injury. Rehabilitation Psychology. 2016, February 8. Advance publication, http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000069.
Hansen L, Thomassen R. Neurocognition in schizophrenia measured with the MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery in a young adult population. Department of Psychology, University of Oslo. Accessed at http://www.duo.uio.no/bitstream/handle/123456789/17916/FinalxThesis_27.04.10.pdf?sequence=2 .
Hartley MT. the relationships between resilience, mental health, and academic persistence in undergraduate college students. J American College Health 2011; 59: 596-602.
Hartley MT. Assessing and promoting resilience: an additional tool to address the increasing number of college students with psychological problems. J College Counselling 2012; 15: 37-48.
Hayter MR, Dorstyn DS. Resilience, self-esteem and self-compassion in adults with spina bifida. Spinal Cord 2013; DOI 10.1038/sc.2013.152.
He F, Cao R, Feng Z, Guan H, Peng J. The impacts of dispositional optimism and psychological resilience on the subjective well-being of burn patients: a structural equation modeling analysis. PLoS ONE 2013; 8(12): 1-5 (e82939).
Hegney DG, Rees CS, Eley R, Osseiran-Moisson R, Francis K. The contribution of individual psychological resilience in determining the professional quality of life of Australian nurses. Frontiers in Psychology Published 31 October 2015. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01613.
Hemmings SMJ, Martin LJ, Klopper M, van der Merwe L, Aitken L, de Wit E, Black GF, Hoal FG, Walzl G, Seedat S. BNDF Val66Met and DRD2 Taq1A polymorphisms interact to influence PTSD symptom severity: A preliminary investigation in a South African population. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry 2013; 40: 273-280.
Henley R, Schweitzer I, de Gara F, Vetter S. How psychosocial sport & play programs help youth manage adversity: a review of what we know & what we should research. Int J Psychosoc Rehab 2007; 12: 51-58 (Review article)
Herbert HS, Manjula M, Philip M. Growing up with a parent having schizophrenia : experiences and resilience in the offsprings. Indian J Psychological Medicine 2013 ; 35 : 148-153.
Hoseiny H, Jadidi M, Nataj LH, Saberi-Zafarghandi MB. The effect of methadone-maintenance therapy with and without interactive treatment on improving emotion-regulation strategies and resilience among opiate-dependent clients/ Int J High Risk Behav Addict 2015 March ; 4(1) : e23526. DOI : 10.58129/ijhrba.23526.
Hosseini HA, Besharat MA. Relation of resilience with sport achievement and mental health in a sample of athletes. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences 2010 ; 5 : 633-638.
Hourani L, Bender RH, Weimer B, Peeler R, Bradshaw M, Lane M, Larson G. Longitudinal study of resilience and mental health in marines leaving military service. J Affective Disorders 2012 ; 139 : 154-165.
Hu Y-Q, Gan Y-Q. Development and psychometric validity of the Resilience Scale for Chinese Adolescents. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2008; 40: 902-912.
Huang M-F. Resilience in chronic disease: the relationship among risk factors, protective factors, adaptive outcomes, and the level of resilience in adults with diabetes. Thesis, University of Queensland. Accessed 4/22/2010 at
Irmansyah, Dharmono S, Maramis A, Minas H. Determinants of psychological morbidity in survivors of the earthquake and tsunami in Aceh and Nias. Int J Mental Health 2010; 4:8, 1-10.
Ito M, Nakajima S, Shirai A, Kim Y. Cross-cultural validity of the Connor-Davidson Scale: data from Japanese population. Poster presented at 25th Annual Meeting, International Society of Traumatic Stress Studies (ISTSS), Atlanta, GA,
Jafari E, Eskandari H, Sohrabi F, Delavar A, Heshmati R. Effectiveness of coping skills training in relapse prevention and resiliency enhancement in people with substance dependency. Procedia Social and Behaviroal Sciences 2010; 5: 1376-1380.
Jeong HS, Kang I, Namgung E, Im JJ, Jeon Y, Som J, Yu S, Kim S, Yoon S, Lyoo IK, Chung Y-A, Lim J, Kim JE. Validation of the Korean version of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale-2 in firefighters and rescue workers. Comprehensive Psychiatry 2015; 59: 123-128.
Jeste DV, Savia GN, Thompson WK, Vahia IV, Glorioso DK, Martin AS, Palmer BW, Rock D, Golshan S, Kraemer HC, Depp CA. Association between older age and more successful aging: critical role of resilience and depression. American Journal of Psychiatry 2013; 170: 188-196.
Johnson DC, Polusny MA, Erbes CR, King D, King L, Litz BT, Schnurr PP, Friedman MJ, Pietrzak RH, Southwick SM. Development and initial validation of the Response to Stressful Experiences Scale. Military Medicine 2011; 176: 2-16.
Johnson N, Dinsmore JA, Hof DD. The relationship between college students’ resilience level and type of alcohol use. Int J Psychology: A Biopsychosocial Approach 2011; 8: 67-82.
Jorgensen IE, Seedat S. Factor structure of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale in South African adolescents. Int J Adolesc Med Health, 2008; 20: 23-32.
Jowkar B. The mediating role of resilience in the relationship between general and emotional intelligence and life satisfaction. Contemporary Psychology (Persian) 2007; 2: 3-12.
Jowkar B, Friborg O, Hjemdal O. Cross-cultural validation of the Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA) in Iran. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 2010; 51: 418-425.
Jung YE, Min JA, Shin AY, Han SY, Lee KU, Kim TS, et al. The Korean version of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale: an extended validation. Stress Health 2012; 28: 319-326.
Kang JI, Kim SJ, Song YY, Namkoong K, An SK. Genetic influence of COMT and BDNF gene polymorphisms on resilience in healthy college students. Neuropsychobiology. In press.
Kavirajan H, Vahia I, Thompson WK, Depp C, Allison M, Jeste DV. Attitude toward own aging and mental health in post-menopausal women. Asian J Psychiatry 2011; 4: 26-30.
Khoshouei MS. Psychometric evaluation of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) using Iranian students. Int J Testing. 2009; 9: 60-66.
Karairmak O. Establishing the psychometric qualities of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis in a trauma survivor sample. Psychiatry Research 2010; 179: 350-356.
Keye MD, Pidgeon AM. An investigation of the relationship between resilience, mindfulness, and academic self-sufficiency. Open J Social Science 2015; 1: 6-14.
Kilic SA, Dorstyn DS, Gulver NG. Examining factors that contribute to the process of resilience following spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 2013; 1-5. doi: 10.1038/sc.2013.25
Kjellstrand EK. An examination of resiliency factors and social support in middle- and upper-income single mothers. Dissertation, St. Mary’s University, San Antonio, TX. May 2011.
Kjellstrand EK, Harper M. Yes, she can: an examination of resiliency factors in middle- and upper-income single mothers. J Divorce & Remarriage 2012; 53: 311-327.
Klasen F, Daniels J, Oettingen G, Post M, Hoyer C, Adam H. Posttraumatic resilience in former Ugandan child soldiers. Child Development 2010; 81: 1096-1113.
Knows-His-Gun K, Bufford RK, Gathercoal K, Seegobin W. Resilience at St. Labre: Childhood adversity, spiritual well-being, employment, and resilience in a multi-ethnic rural population. Faculty publications – Graduate School of Clinical Psychology. Paper 4. 2013. http://digitalcommons.georgefox.edu/gscp_fac/4.
Krahenmann O. Resilience in the aftermath of trauma – a pilot study. Int J Neuropsychopharmacology 2008 (Suppl 1); 11: 288. Poster 09. XXVI CINP Congress, Munich, July 13-17.
Kramer LB. Resilient individuals reform their assumptive worlds after stressful events. Dissertation thesis. April 2012. http://discoverarchive.vanderbilt.edu/handle/1803/5075. Accessed February 2 , 2014.
Kreutzer JS, Marwitz JH, Sima AP, Bergquist TF, Johnson-Greene D, Felix ER, Whiteneck GG, Dreer LE. Resilience following traumatic brain injury: a traumatic brain injury model systems study. Archives Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016. DOI: 10.1016/j.apmr.2015.12.003.
Krystal AD, Zhang W, Davidson JRT, Connor KM. The sleep effects of tiagabine on the first night of treatment predict post-traumatic stress disorder response at three weeks. J Psychopharmacology 2014; 28: 457-465.
Kukihara H, Yamawaki N, Uchiyama K, Arai S, Horikawa E. Trauma, depression, and resilience of earthquake/tsunami/nuclear disaster survivors of Hirono, Fukushima, Japan. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences 2014; 68: 524-533.
Laff RE. Depression and resilience during the first six months of internship. A thesis submitted to the Yale University School of Medicine. 2008. Accessed at http://ymtdl.med.yale.edu/theses/available/etd-12082008-101904/
Lamond AJ, et al. Measurement and prediction of resilience among community-dwelling older women. Journal of Psychiatric Research, doi:10.1016/j.psychires.2008.03.007.
Law J, Richmond RL, Kay-Lambkin F. The contribution of personality to longevity: Findings from the Australian Centenarian Study. Arch Gerontology and Geriatrics 2014, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2014.06.007.
Lavretsky H, Siddarth P, Irwin MR. Improving depression and enhancing resilience in family dementia caregivers: a pilot randomized placebo-controlled trial of escitalopram. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 2010; 18: 154-
Lavretsky H, Irwin MR. Complementary use of Tai Chi improves resilience, quality of life, and cognition in depressed older adults. Poster presented at 50th Anniversary Meeting, NCDEU, Boca Raton, . June 14-17, 2010. Accessed 1/1/11 at http://www.cmeinstitute.com/postersession/2010session1/ABSLavretsky.asp .
Lavretsky H, Alstein LL, Olmstead RE, Ercoli LM, Riparetti-Brown M, St. Cyr N, Irwin MR. Complementary use of tai chi chih augments escitalopram treatment of geriatric depression: a randomized controlled trial. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 2011; DOI: 10.1097/JGP.0b013e31820ee9ef.
Lee H, Williams RA. Effects of parental alcoholism, sense of belonging, and resilience on depressive symptoms: a path model. Substance Use Misuse. 2013; 48: 265-273.
Lee JS, Ahn Y-S, Jeong K-S, Chae J-H, Choi K-S. Resilience buffers the impact of traumatic events on the development of PTSD symptoms in firefighters. J Affective Disorders 2014; http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2014.02.031.
Lee L-C, Connor KM, Davidson JRT. Eastern and western spiritual beliefs and violent trauma: a U.S. National Community Survey. Traumatology, 2008; 14: 68-76.
Leventhal KS, Gillham J, DeMaria L, Andrew G, Peabody J, Leventhal S. Building psychosocial assets and wellbeing among adolescent girls: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Adolescence 2015; 45: 284-295.
Lewis TL, Smith WJ, Be langer F, Harrington KV. Determining students’ intent to stay in IT programs: an empirical model. SIGMIS-CPR 2008; April 3-5, Charlottesville, VA. 5-11.
Li Y, Cao F, Cao D, Wang Q, Cui N. Predictors of posttraumatic growth among parents of children undergoing inpatient corrective surgery for congenital disease. J Ped Surg 2012; 47: 2011-2021.
Li Y, Cao F, Cao D, Liu J. Nursing students’ post-traumatic growth, emotional intelligence and psychological resilience. J Psychiatr Mental Health Nurs 2014. Doi: 10.1111/jpm.12192.
Lim HA, Tan JY, Liu J, Chua J, Ang EN, Kua EH, Mahendran R. Strengthening resilience and reducing stress in psychosocial care for nurses practicing in oncology settings. J Contin Educ Nursing 2016 Jan 1; 47(1): 8-20. DOI: 10.3928/00220124-20151230-03.
Lim ML, Lim D, Gwee X, Nyunt MS, Kumar R, Ng TP. Resilience, stressful life events, and depressive symptomatology among older Chinese adults. Aging Ment Helath 2015; Jan 6: 1-10.
Liu DWY, Fairweather-Schmidt AK, Roberts RM, Burns R, Anstey KJ. Does resilience predict suicidality? A lifespan analysis. Arch Suic Res 2014; 18: 453-464.
Liu DWY, Fairweather-Schmidt AK, Burns R, Roberts RM. The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale: establishing invariance between gender across the lifespan in a large community-based cohort. J Psychopathology and Behav Assessment 2015; 109. Doi:10.1007/s10862-014-9452-z. (Report scored scale from 25-125; corrected scores have been used in this manual).
Liu X, Liu C, Tian X, Zou G, Li G, Kong L, Li P. Associations of perceived stress, resilience and social support with sleep disturbance among community-dwelling adults. Stress and Health 2015. Published online in Wiley Online Library DOI: 10.1002/smi.2664.
Loh JMI, Klug J. Voices of migrant women: the mediating role of resilience on the relationship between acculturation and psychological distress. The Australian Community Psychologist 2012; 24: 59-78.
Lopes VR, Martins MCF. Valida çã o factorial da escala de resili ê ncia de Connor-Davidson (CD-RISC-10) para Brasilieiros. Revista Psicologia: Organiza çõ es e Trabalto 2011; 11: 36-50.
Loprinzi CE, Prasad K, Schroeder DS, Sood A. Stress management and resilience training (SMART) program to decrease stress and enhance resilience among breast cancer survivors: a pilot randomized clinical trial. Clin Breast Cancer 2011; 11: 364-368, and Epub August 11.
Lu FJH, Lee WP, Chang Y-K, Chou C-C, Hsu Y-W. Interaction of athletes’ resilience and coaches’ social support on the stress-burnout relationship: A conjunctive moderation perspective. Psychology of Sport and Exercise 2016; 22: 202-209.
Lukow HR, Godwin EE, Marwitz JH, Mills A, Hsu NH, Kreutzer JS. Relationship between resilience, adjustment, and psychological functioning after traumatic brain injury: a preliminary report. J Head Trauma Rehabil 2015 Apr 29 [Epub ahead of print].
Luo T, Cheng X, Xiong Y. Relationship among resilience, coping style and mental health of newly recruited workers born after 1990 in manufacturing industry of Shenzhen City. Wei Sheng Yan Jiu 2015; 44: 252-256.
Lyons A, Heywood W, Rozbroj T. Psychosocial factors associated with resilience in a national community-based cohort of Australian gay men living with HIV. AIDS Behav 2016. DOI: 10.1007/s10461-016-1338-5.
Maguen S, et al. Description of risk and resilience factors among military medical personnel before deployment to Iraq. Military Medicine 2008; 173: 1-9.
Malan S, Hemmings S, Kidd M, Martin L, Seedat S. Investigation of telomere length and psychological stress in rape victims. Depression and Anxiety 2011; 28: 1081-1085.
Mansfield AJ, Bender RH, Hourani LL, Larson GE. Suicidal or self-harming ideation in military personnel transitioning to civilian life. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 2011; 41: 392-402.
Manzano-Garcia G. See Garcia GM.
Markovitz S, Peters ML, Schrooten W, Schouten E. Psychometrische evaluatie van de CD-RISC in een Nederlandstalige populatie: een multi of unifactorieel meetinstrument om veerracht te meten? Tijdschrift Klinische Psychologie 2014; 44(1): 55-68.
Markovitz S, Schrooten W, Arntz A, Peters ML. Resilience as a predictor for emotional response to the diagnosis and surgery in breast cancer patients. Psychooncology 2015 May 12. DOI: 10.1002/pon.3834.
Marulanda S, Addington J. Resilience in individuals at clinical high risk for psychosis. Early Intervention in Psychiatry 2014; 1-8. Doi:10.1111/eip.12174.
Mascolini M. Less resilience in older people with vs. without HIV tied to drops in daily-living activities. Presntation at 3rd International Workshop on HIV and Aging. Baltimore, MD. November 5-6, 2012. Accessed at: www.natap.org/2012/AGE/AGE_02.htm .
Matsuoka Y, Nishi D, Yonimoto N, Hamazaki K, Matsumura K, Noguchi H, K, Hamazaki T. Tachikawa project for prevention of posttraumatic stress disorder with polyunsaturated fatty acid (TPOP): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. BMC Psychiatry 2013; 13: 8. Doi
Mayo Clinic. Resilience: Build Skills to Endure Hardship. (Selected and modified parts of the scale reproduced with permission of Drs. Davidson and Connor). http://mayoclinic.com/print/resilience/MH00078 .
McCanlies EC, Mnatsakanova A, Andrew ME, Burchfield CM. Positive psychological factors are associated with lower PTSD symptoms among police officers: post Hurricane Katrina. Stress and Health 2014; 30: 405-415.
McCauley SR, Wilde EA, Miller ER, Frisby ML, Garza HM, Verghese R, Levin HS, Robertson CS, McCarthy JJ. Preinjury resilience and mood as predictors of early outcome following mild traumatic brain injury. J Neurotrauma, doi: 10.1089/neu.2012.2393.
McLain TC. Refining a measure of appraisal style. Honors thesis. Vanderbilt University. , 2012. Accessed at http://discoverarchive.vanderbilt.edu/handle/1803/5305 .
McGlone J, Gillespie J, Lee K, Pohlmann-Eden B, Sadler RM. Measuring perceived stigma in literate adults with epilepsy: where does resilience fit? Poster presented at 63rd Annual Meeting, American Epilepsy Society, Boston, MA. October 4-8, 2009.
McNally RJ, Hatch JP, Cedillos EM, Luethcke CA, Baker MT, Peterson AL, Litz BT. Does the repressor coping style predict lower posttraumatic stress symptoms? Military Medicine, 2011; 176: 752-756.
McTighe JP. Narrative, meaning, and resilience: towards a deeper understanding of social workers’ experience of September 11, 2001. Thesis, September 2009, accessed at gradworks.umi.com/33/67/3367080.html, and http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl%3furl_ver=Z39.88-2004%2bres_dat=xri:pqdiss%26rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation%26rft_dat=xri:pqdiss:3367080 .
Mealer M, Jones J, Newman J, McFann KK, Rothbaum BO, Moss M. The presence of resilience is associated with a healthier psychological profile in intensive care unit (ICU) nurses: results of a national survey. Int J Nursing Studies 2012; 49: 292-299.
Mealer M, Jones J, Moss M. A qualitative study of resilience and posttraumatic stress disorder in United States ICU nurses. Intensive Care Medicine 2012; 38: 1445-1451.
Melvin KC, Gross D, Hayat MJ, Jennings BM, Campbell JC. Couple functioning and post-traumatic stress symptoms in US army couples: the role of resilience. Res Nursing & Health 2012; 35: 164-177.
Menezes de Lucena Carvalho VA, et al. Resilience and the burnout-engagement model in formal caregivers of the elderly. Psicothemia, 2006; 18: 791-796.
Min J-A, Lee N-B, Lee C-U, Lee C, Chae J-H. Low trait anxiety, high resilience, and their possible interaction as predictors for treatment response in patients with depression. J Affective Disorders 2012; 137: 61-69.
Min J-A, Jung Y-F, Kim D-J, Yim H-W, Kim J-J, Kim T-S, Lee C-U, Lee C, Chae J-H. Characteristics associated with low resilience in patients with depression and/or anxiety disorders. Qual Life Res 2012, April 7. DOI 10.1007/s11136-012-0153-3.
Min J-A, Yoon S, Lee C-U, Chae J-H, Lee C, Song K-Y, Kim T-S. Psychological resilience contributes to low emotional distress in cancer patients. Support Care Cancer 2013.
Min J-A, Yu JJ, Lee C-U, Chae J-H. Cognitive emotion regulation strategies contributing to resilience in patients with depression and/or anxiety disorders. Comprehensive Psychiatry 2013; 54: 1190-1197.
Mitchell SJ, Ronzio CR. Violence and other stressful life events as triggers of depression and anxiety: what psychosocial resources protect African-American mothers? Matern Child Health J 2010; DOI 10.1007/s10995-010-0668-6.
Montero-Marin J, Demarzo MMP, Pereira JP, Olea M, Garcia-Campayo J. Reassessment of the psychometric characteristics and factor structure of the ‘Perceived Stress Questionnaire’ (PSQ): analysis in a sample of dental students. PLOS ONE 2014; 9(1): 1-9 (e87071).
Montero-Marin J, Tops M, Manzanera R, Piva Demarzo MM, de Mon MA, Garcia-Campayo J. Mindfulness, resilience, and burnout subtypes in primary care physicians: the possible mediating role of positive and negative affect. Frontiers in Psychology 2015. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01895.
Montross LP, et al. of self-rated successful aging among community-dwelling older adults. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry, 2006; 14: 43-57.
Morey R, et al. Neural systems for executive and emotional processing are modulated by symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder in Iraq War veterans. Psychiatry Research 2008; 162: 59-72.
Morey RA, Dolcos F, Petty CM, Cooper DA, Hayes JP, LaBar KS, McCarthy G. The role of trauma-related distracters on neural systems for working memory and emotion processing in posttraumatic stress disorder. J Psychiatric Res 2009; 43: 809-817.
Nathan S, Bunde-Biroustie A, Evers C, Kemp L, J, Henley R. Social cohesion through football: quasi-experimental mixed methods design to evaluate a complex health promotion program. BMC Public Health 2010; 10: 587.
Naylor JC, Dolber TR, Strauss JL, Kilts JD, Strauman TJ, Bradford DW, Szabo ST, Youseff NA, Connor KM, Davidson JRT, Marx CE. A pilot randomized controlled trial with paroxetine for subthreshold PTSD in Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF)/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) era veterans. Psychiatry Research 2012, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2012.11.008 .
New AS, Fan J, Murrough JW, Liu X, Liebman RE, Guise KG, Tang CY, Charney DS. A functional magnetic resonance imaging study of deliberate emotion regulation in resilience and posttraumatic stress disorder. Biol Psychiatry 2009; 66: 656-664.
Nezhad MAS, Besharat MA. Relations of resilience and hardiness with sport achievement and mental health in a sample of athletes. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2010: 5: 757-763.
Ni C, Chow MCM, Jiang X, Li S, Pang SMC. Factors associated with resilience of adult survivors five years after the 2008 Sichuan earthquake in China. PLOS ONE. March 26, 2015. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone. 0121033.
Ni MY, Li TK, Yu NX, Pang H, Chan BHY, Leung GM, Stewart SM. Normative data and psychometric properties of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale and the abbreviated version (CD-RISC-2) among the general population in Hong Kong. Quality of Life Research 2015. DOI 10.1007/s11136-015-1072.
Nicholls PJ, Abraham K, Connor KM, Ross J, Davidson JRT. Trauma and posttraumatic stress in users of the Anxiety Disorders Association of America website. Compr Psychiatry, 2006; 47: 30-34.
Notario-Pacheco B, Solera-Martinez M, Serrano-Parra MD, Bartolomé-Gutiérrez R, Garcia-Campayo J, Martinez-Vizcaino V. Reliability and validity of the Spanish version of the 10-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (10-item CD-RISC) in young adults. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 2011; 9: 63 accessed at http://www.hqlo.com/content/9/1/63 .
Notario-Pacheco B, Martinez-Vizcaino V, Trillo-Calvo E, Perez-Yus MC, Serrano-Parra D, Garcia-Campayo J. Validity and reliability of the Spanish version of the 10-item CD-RISC in patients with fibromyalgia. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 2014; 12: 14. Doi:10.1.1186/1477-7525-12-14.
Nrugham L, Holen A, Sund AM. Associations between attempted suicide, violent life events, depressive symptoms, and resilience in adolescents and young adults. J Nerv Ment Dis 2010; 198: 131-136.
Nugent NR, Koenen K, Bradley B. Heterogeneity of posttraumatic stress symptoms in a highly traumatized low income, urban, African American sample. J Psychiatric Research 2012; 46: 1576-1583.
O’Hanlon K, Camic P, Shearer J. Factors associated with parental adaptation to having a child with a cleft lip and/or palate: the impact of parental diagnosis. Cleft Palate Craniofacial J 2012; 49: 718-729.
O’Hara R, Marcus P, Thompson WK, Flournoy J, Vahia I, Lin X, Hallamyer J, Depp C, Jeste DV. 5-HTTLPR short allele, resilience and successful agiing in older adults. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 2012: Jan 9; Epub ahead of print.
Okun MA, Rios R, Crawford AV, Levy R. Does the relation between volunteering and well-being vary with health and age? Int J Aging and Human Development 2011; 72: 265-282. (Note: An unvalidated 6 item version of the scale was used in this study).
Okuyama M, Honda N, Funakosi S. Factors associated with the psychological impact of the Great East Japan Earthquake on high school students 1 year and 4 months after the disaster. Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi. 2014.
Osofsky HJ, Osofsky JD, Hansel TC. Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: mental health effects on residents in heavily affected areas. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness 2011; 5: 280-286. [Note: The scale as scored 1-5 in the paper. The corrected mean is given in the text of this manual].
Otto LM, Howerter A, Bell IR, Jackson N. Exploring measures of whole person wellness: integrative well-being and psychological flourishing. Explore 2010; 6: 364-370.
Okuyama M, Honda N, Funakosi S. Factors associated with the psychological impact of the Great East Japan Earthquake on high school students 1 year and 4 months after the disaster. Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi. 2014.
Park EJ, Kim KE, Baek HS, Yu JC, Choi KS. The effect of positive psychological characteristics on post-traumatic stress symptoms after traumatic experiences in firefighters. J Korean Neuropsychiatric Association 2010; 49: 645-652.
Paulus MP, Simmons AN, Potterat EG, van Orden K, Swain JL. Systems neuroscience approaches to measure brain mechanisms underlying resilience – towards optimizing performance. In: Neurocognitive and Physiological Factors During High-Tempo Operations. Eds: S. Kornguth, R. Steinberg and MD Matthews. Ashgate, 2010: 133-145.
Paulus MP, Flagan T, Simmons AN, Gillis K, Kotturi S, Thom N, Johnson DC, Van Orden KF, Davenport PW, Swain JL. Subjecting elite athletes to inspiratory breathing and neural signatures of optimal performers in extreme environments. PLoS ONE 2012; 7:1-11. e29394.
Payne VM, Naylor JC, Hamer RM, Kilts JD, Strauss JL, Keefe RFS, Connor KM, Davidson JRT, Marx CE. Novel neurosteroid interventions: pilot randomized controlled trial of adjunctive pregnenolone in posttraumatic stress disorder. Unpublished data. (Poster presentation at 47th Annual Meeting, American College of Neuropsychopharmacology. Scottsdale, AZ. December 7-11, 2008).
Peng L, Zhang J, Li M, Zhang Y, Zuo X, Miao Y, Xu Y. Negative life events and mental health of Chinese medical students: the effect of resilience, personality and social support. Psychiatry Res 2012; doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2011.12.006.
Peng L, Zhang J, Chen H, Zhang Y, Li M, Yu Y, Liu B. Comparison among different versions of Connor-Davidson Resilience scale (CD-RISC) in rehabilitation patients after unintentional injury. J Psychiatry 2014; 17: 6. http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/Psychiatry.1000153.
Pepe J. The relationship of principal resiliency to job satisfaction and work commitment: an exploratory study of K-12 public school principals in Florida. Dissertation for the degree of Doctor of Education, University of South Florida. ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway. PO Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. 2011.
Perera HN, Ganguly R. Construct validity of scores from the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale in a sample of postsecondary students with disabilities. Assessment 2016; DOI 10.1177/1073191116646444.
Petros N, Opacka-Jouffry J, Huber JH. Psychometric and neurobiological assessment of resilience in a non-clinical sample of adults. Psychoneuroendocrinology 2013; 38: 2099-2108.
Phillips EL. Resilience, mental flexibility, and cortisol response to the Montreal Imaging Stress Task in unemployed men. Dissertation, University of Michigan. 2011. Accessed at http://188.8.131.52/bitstream/handle/2027.42/84486/elphilli_1.pdf?sequence=1 .
Pidgeon AM, Keye M. Relatioship between resilience, mindfulness, and psychological well-being in university students. Int J Liberal Arts and Social Science 2014 June; 2.
Pietrzak RH, Johnson DC, Goldstein MB, Malley JC, Southwick SM. Psychological resilience and post-deployment social support protect against traumatic stress and depressive symptoms in soldiers returning from Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. Depression and Anxiety, 2009a; 26: 745-751. Also see Editorial Comment: Myatt CA, in J Spec Oper Med 2009 Summer; 9(3): 79 .
Pietrzak RH, Goldstein MB, Malley JC, Rivers AJ, Johnson DC, Southwick SM. Risk and protective factors associated with suicidal ideation in veterans of Operation Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. J Affective Disorders 2009b, October 9. Epub ahead of print, doi:10.1016/j.jad.2009.08.001.
Pietrzak RH, Johnson DC, Goldstein MB, Malley JC, Southwick SM. Perceived stigma and barriers to mental health care utilization among OEF-OIF veterans. Psychiatric Services 2009c; 60: 1118-1122.
Pietrzak RH, Johnson DC, Goldstein MB, Malley JC, Rivers AJ, Morgan CA, Southwick SM. Psychosocial buffers of traumatic stress, depressive symptoms, and psychosocial difficulties in veterans of Operation Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom: the role of resilience, unit support, and post-deployment social support. J Affective Disorders 2010; 120 (1-3): 188-192, epub. Also see Editorial Comment: Myatt CA, in J Spec Oper Med 2009 Summer; 9(3): 80.
Pietrzak RH, Russo AR, Ling Q, Southwick SM. Suicidal ideation in treatment-seeking Veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom: the role of coping strategies, resilience, and social support. Journal of Psychiatric Research 2010: December 22, epub ahead of print. Doi:10.1016/j.psychires.2010.11.015.
Pietrzak RH, Southwick SM. Psychological resilience in OEF-OIF Veterans: Application of a novel classification approach and examination of demographic and psychosocial correlates. J Affective Dis 2011; 133: 560-568.
Pietrzak RH, Tsai J, Kirwin PD, Southwick SM. Successful aging among older veterans in the United States. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 2014; 22: 551-563.
Prabhakaran J, Pflieger J, Spera C, Harvey J, Travis W, Foster R. Air Force members health: Examining the Tenets of the Comprehensive Airmen Fitness (CAF) model in a worldwide survey of active duty members. Presentation at Military Health System Research Symposium (MHSRS), Fort Lauderdale, FL. August 16, 2012. Accessed 08/22/2014 at http://mhsrs.amedd.army.mil/ConferenceArchive/2012/presentations/Thursday/Plenary2520VI/0830%2520-%2520Travis.pdf.
Prince-Embury S. The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale. In (Eds.) Prince-Embury S, Saklofske DH. Translating Resilience Theory for Assessment and Application with Children, Adolescents and Adults. New York. Springer. 2012; 161-166.(Review Chapter).
Rahimi B, Baetz M, Bowen R, Balbuena L. Resilience, stress, and coping among Canadian medical students. Canadian Medical Education Journal 2014; 5(1): e5-e12.
Rainey EE, Petrey LB, Reynolds M, Agtarap S, Warren AM. Psychological factors predicting outcome after traumatic injury: the role of resilience. Am J Surgery 2014. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amsurg.2014.05.016.
Randall W, Baldwin C, McKenzie-Mohr S, McKim E, Furlong D. Narrative and resilience: A comparative analysis of how adults story their lives. J Aging Studies 2015. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/jaging.2015.02.010.
Roberts ST, et al. Resilience as a protective factor against the development of PTSD symptoms following combat exposure in OIF/OEF veterans. Poster presentation, Veterans Affairs HSR&D National Meeting, 2007. http://www.hsrd.research.va.gov/meetings/2007/display_abstract.cfm?RecordID=361 . 11/24/.2008.
Rodriguez-Fernandez A, Ramos-Diaz E, Ros I, Fernandez-Zabala A. Relaciones de la Resiliencia con el autoconcepto y el apoyo social percibido en una muestra de adolescents. Accion Psicologica 2015; 12: 1-14.
Rodriguez-Rey R, Alonso-Tapia J, Hermansaiz-Garrido H, Reliability and validity of the Brief Resilience Scale (BRS) Spanish version. Psychological Assessment 2015. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pas0000191.
Rogchanchi M, Mohamad AR, Mey SC, Momeni KM, Golmohamadyan G. The effect of integrating rational emotive behavior therapy and art theraoy on self-esteem and resilience. The Arts in Psychotherapy, doi:10.106/j.aip.2012.12.006.
Roos A, Geerts L, Koen N, Faure SC, Vythilingum B, Stein DJ. Psychosocial predictors of fetoplacental blood flow during pregnancy. Compr Psychiatry 2014; http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2014.11.011.
Rosenberg AR, Wolfe J, Bradford MC, Shaffer ML, Yi-Frazier JP, Curtis JR, Syrjala KL, Baker KS. Resilience and psychosocial outcomes in parents of children with cancer. Pediatr Blood Cancer 2013; DOI 10.1002/pbc.24854.
Rosenberg AR, Starks H, Jones B. “I know it when I see it.” The complexities of measuring resilience among parents of children with cancer. Support Care Cancer 2014; April 23 [Epub ahead of print].
Rosenberg AR, Syrjala KL, Martin PJ, Flowers ME, Carpenter PA, Salit RB, Baker KS, Lee SJ. Resilience, health, quality of life among long-term survivors of hematopoietic cell transplantation. Cancer 2015. DOI: 10.1002/cncr.29651.
Rothbaum BO, et al. A pooled analysis of gender and trauma-type effects on responsiveness to treatment of PTSD with venlafaxine extended-release or placebo. J Clin Psychiatry, published ahead of print, August 26, 2008: e1- e11(pii:ej07m03540).
Roy A, et al. Low resilience in suicide attempters. Arch Suic Res, 2007; 11: 65-69.
Roy A, Sarchiapone M, Carli V. Low resilience in suicide attempters: relationship to depressive symptoms. Depression and Anxiety, 2007; 24: 273-274.
Roy A, Carli V, Sarchiapone M. Resilience mitigates the suicide risk associated with childhood trauma. J Affective Dis 2011; 133: 591-594.
Rudow DL, Iacoviello BM, Charney DS. Resilience and personality traits among living liver and kidney donors. Progress in Transplantation 2014; 24: 82-90.
Sanchez-Teruel D, Robles-Bello MA. Escala de Resiliencia 14 items (RS-14): propiedades psicometricas de la version en Espanol. Revista Iberoamericana de Diagnostico y Evalacion. 2015; 40: 103-113.
Samani S, et al. Effects of resilience on mental health and life satisfaction. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology, 2007; 13: 290-295.
Sarchiapone M, Carli V, Camardese G, Cuomo C, Rizzo M. Role of childhood trauma and hostile behaviour in predisposing to suicidal attempts. Accessed: http://www.worldpsychiatricassociation.org/meetings/2005-elec-athens/sectional-symposia/ss8-sarchiapone.ppt.
Sarchiapone M, Carli V, Di Giannantonio M, Roy A. Risk factors for attempting suicide in prisoners. Am J Suicidology, 2009; 39(3): 343-350.
Sarubin N, Wolf M, Giegling I, Hilbert S, Naumann F, Gutt D, Jobst A, Sabass L, Falkai P, Rujescu D, Buhner M, Padberg F. Neuroticism and extraversion as mediators between positive/negative life events and resilience. Personality and Individ Diffs, 2015a; 82: 193-198,
Sarubin N, Gutt D, Giegling I, Buhner M, Hilbert S, Krahenmann O, Wolf M, Jobst A, Sabass L, Rujescu D, Falkai P, Padberg F. Erste Analyse der psychometrischen Eigenschaften und Struktur der deutschsprachigen 10- und 25-Item Version der Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC). Gesundheitspsychologie. In press, 2015b.
Scali J, Gandubert C, Ritchie K, Soulier M, Ancelin M-L, Chaudieu I. Measuring resilience in adult women using the 10-items Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC). Role of trauma exposure and anxiety disorders. PLoS ONE e39879 2012; 7: 1-7.
Schäfer J, Wittchen H-U, Höfler M, Heinrich A, Zimmerman P, Siegel S, Schönfeld S. Is trait resilience characterized by specific patterns of attentional bias to emotional stimuli and attentional control? J Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry 2015; 48: 133-139.
Schaefer F, et al. Traumatic events and posttraumatic stress in cross-cultural mission assignments. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 2007; 20: 529-539.
Schure MB, Odden M, Goins RT. The association of resilience with mental and physical health among older American Indians: the Native elder Care Study. Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2013; 20(2): 27-41.
Sen S, Kranzler HR, Krystal JH, Speller H, Chan G, Gelernter J, Guille C. A prospective cohort study investigating factors associated with depression during medical internship. Archives of General Psychiatry 2010; 67: 557-565.
Senders A, Bourdette D, Hanes D, Yadav V, Shinto L. Perceived stress in multiple sclerosis: the potential role of mindfulness in health and well-being. J Evidence Based Complementary Altern Med 2014 Apr; 19(2): 104-111.
Seok J-H, Lee K-U, Kim W, Lee S-H, Kang E-H, Ham B-J, Yang J-C, Chae J-H. Impact of early-life stress and resilience on patients with major depressive disorder. Yonsei Medical Journal 2012; 1093-1098.
Serrano-Parra D, Garrido-Abejar M, Notario-Pacheco B, Bartolom é -Guti é rrez R, Solera-Martinez M, Martinez-Vizcaino V. Validity of the Connor-Davidson resilience scale (10-items) in a population of elderly. Enferm Clin 2013; 23: 14-21.
Sexton MB, Byrd MR, von Kluge S. Measuring resilience in women experiencing infertility using the CD-RISC: examining infertility-related stress, general distress, and coping styles. J Psychiatric Research doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2009.06.007.
Sexton MB, Hamilton L, McGinnis EW, Rosenblum KL, Muzik M. The roles of resilience and childhood history: Main and moderating effects on postpartum maternal mental health and functioning. J Affective Disorders 2015; 174: 562-568.
Sharma V, Bauer B, Prasad K, Sood A, Schroeder D. Self-help intervention to decrease stress and increase mindfulness: a pilot trial. BMC Compl Altern Med 2012; 12(Suppl 1): P253.
Shi J, Chen Z, Yin F, Zhao J, Zhao X, Yao Y. Resilience as moderator of the relationship between left-behind experience and mental health of Chinese adolescents. Int J Social Psychiatry 2016. DOI: 10.1177/0020764016636910.
Shin JC, Goo HR, Yu SJ, Kim DH, Yoon SY. Depression and quality of life in patients within the first months after spinal cord injury. Ann Rehabil Med 2012; 36: 119-125. Epub 2012 Feb 29.
Shin JC, Chae JH, Min JA, Lee CU, Hwang SI, Lee BS, Ju HI, Lee CY. Resilience as a possible predictor for psychological distress in chronic spinal cord injured patients living in the community. Ann Rehabil Med 2012; 36: 815-820.
Shin SJ. Development of a cardiovascular disease resilience scale. Journal Korean Neuropsychiatric Association 2010; 22: 161-170.
Shlomi H. The relationship between childhood family instability, secure attachment, and the sense of belonging of young adults. Dissertation, University of British Columbia, 2010. Accessed at www.web.ubc.ca/okanagan/psyo/_shared/assets/shlomithesis201017524.pdf .
Simon NM, Herlands NN, Marks EH, Mancini C, Letemendi A, Li Z, Pollack MH, van Ameringen M, Stein MB. Childhood maltreatment linked to greater symptom severity and poorer quality of life and function in social anxiety disorder. Depression and Anxiety 2009; 26: 1027-1032.
Singh K, Choubisa R. Effectiveness of self-focused intervention for enhancing students’ well-being. Journal of Indian Academy of Applied Psychology 2009; 35, Special Issue: 23-32.
Singh K, Yu X. Psychometric evaluation of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) in a sample of Indian students. J Psychology 2010; 1: 23-30.
Singh S, Deshmukh P, Ungratwar A, Subramanyam AA, Kamath R. Does resilience affect illness perception and well-being in the elderly? J Geriatric Mental Health 2015. DOI: 10.4103/2348-9995.152429.
Smith BW, Dalen J, Wiggins K, Tooley E, Christopher P, Bernard J. The Brief Resilience Scale: assessing the ability to bounce back. Int J Behav Med 2008; 15: 194-200.
Smith PR. Resilience: resistance factor for depressive symptoms. J Psychiatr and Mental Health Nursing 2009, 16: 829-837.
Solano JP, Neto FL. Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of Brazilian Portuguese versions of the Dispositional Resilience Scale and Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale. Poster [PO-09] at WPA Meeting, Section on Epidemiology and Public Health, Sao Paulo. March 14-17, 2012.
Sood A, Prasad K, Schroeder D, Varkey P. Stress management and resilience training among department of medicine faculty: a pilot randomized clinical trial. J Gen Intern Med 2011. DOI: 10.1007/s11606-011-1640-x.
Sood A, Sharma V, Schroeder DR, Gorman B. Stress management and resiliency training (SMART) program among Department of Radiology faculty: a pilot randomized clinical trial. Explore (NY) 2014; 10: 358-363.
Spies G, Seedat S. Depresion and resilience in women with HIV and early life stress: does trauma play a mediating role? A cross-sectional study. BMJ Open, 2014; 4: e004200. Doi
Ssenyonga J, Owens V, Olema DK. Posttraumatic growth, resilience and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among refugees. Proc Soc Behav Sci 2013; 82: 144-148.
Stein DJ. The psychobiology of resilience. CNS Spectrums 2009; 14 (Suppl 3): 41-47. (Review article).
Stein MB, Campbell-Sills L, Gelernter J. Genetic variation in 5HTTLPR is associated with emotional resilience. Am J Med Genetics B Neuropsychiatr Genet 2009; 150B (7): 900-906.
Steinhardt MA, Dolbier C. Evaluation of a resilience intervention to enhance coping strategies and protective factors and decrease symptomatology. J American College Health 2008 (Jan/Feb); 56: 445-453.
Steinhardt MA, Mamerow MM, Brown SA, Jolly CA. A resilience intervention in African American adults with type 2 diabetes. The Diabetic Educator 2009, February 9; doi
Stephens TM. Increasing resilience in adolescent nursing students. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Tennessee, 2012. http://trace.tennesseee.edu/utk_graddiss/1351 .
Stephenson C. Economic self-sufficiency and resiliency among US Virgin Islands TANF leavers. Dissertation, Capella University. Accessed November 15, 2012. http://gradworks.umi.com/3523883.pdf .
Stevens G, Jones A, Smith G, Nelson J, Agho K, Taylor M, Raphael B. Determinants of paramedic response readiness for CBRNE threats. Biosecurity and Bioterroriam Biodefense Strategy, Practice and Science. 2010; 8: 193-202.
Stevens G, Agho K, Taylor M, Jones AL, Barr M, Raphael B. Perceived coping & concern predict terrorism preparedness in Australia. BMC Public Health 2012; 12: 1-11.
Stevens GJ, Dunsmore JC, Agho KE, Taylor MR, Jones AL, van Ritten JJ, Raphael B. Long-term wellbeing of people affected by the 2002 Bali bombing. Medical Journal of Australia 2013; 16: 273-277.
Storey J, Travis J. Resilience, selective optimization and compensation (SOC), and well-being in community dwelling older adults. Australasian Journal on Aging, 2008; 27 (Supplement 1): A56-A57.
Suarez EB. Two decades later: The resilience and post-traumatic responses if Indigenous Quechua girls and adolescents in the aftermath of the Peruvian armed conflict. Child Abuse & Neglect 2012, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2012.09.011 .
Surawera IK, Hoe VCW, Kelsall HL, Urquhart DM, Sim MR. Physical and psychosocial factors associated with wrist or hand pain among Australian hospital-based nurses. Injury Prevention 2013; 19: 13-18.
Sutherland JA, Cook L, Stetina P, Hernandez C. Women in substance abuse recovery. Measures of resilience and self-differentiation. Western J Nursing Res 2009; 31 (7): 905-922.
Tajanlangit ALN. Demographics, resilience, ethical climate, and burnout among Filipino mental health nurses. Unpublished abstract. 2014
Tan KK, Chan SW-C, Wang W, Vehviläinen-Julkunen K. A salutogenic program to enhance sense of coherence and quality of life for older people in the community: A feasibility randomized controlled trial and process evaluation. Patient Education and Counseling 2015. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2015.08.003.
Thabet AA, Tawahina AA, El Sarraj E, Vostanis P. Evaluation of a community intervention for women victims of domestic violence in the Gaza strip. Int J Peace and Development Studies 2011; 2: 88-95.
Tian X, Liu C, Zou G, Li G, Kong L, Li P. Positive resources for combating job burnout among Chinese telephone operators: Resilience and psychological empowerment. Psychiatry Research 2015; 228: 411-415.
Torgalsbøen A-K, Rund BR. Maintenance of recovery from schizophrenia at 20-year follow-up: what happened? Psychiatry 2010: 73: 70-81.
Torgalsboen AK. Sustaining full recovery in schizophrenia after 15 years: does resilience matter? Clin Schizophr Ralet Psychoses, 2012; 5: 193-200.
Tosone C. Shared traumatic stress and the post 9/11 quality of professional practice. Poster presented at Society of Social Work and Research Annual Meeting. New Orleans, Jan 16, 2009. Accessed at http://sswr.confex.com/sswr/2009/webprogram/Paper11246.html .
Tosone C, McTighe JP, Bauwens J, Naturale A. Shared traumatic stress and the long-term impact of 9/11 on Manhattan clinicians. J Traumatic Stress 2011; 24: 546-552.
Tran U, Glück TM, Lueger-Schuster B. Influence of personal and environmental factors on mental health in a sample of Austrian survivors of World War II with regard to PTSD: is it resilience? BMC Psychiatry 2013; 13: 47. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-244X/13/47.
Tsai J, Harpaz-Rotem I, Pietrzak RH, Southwick SM. The role of coping, resilience, and social support in mediating the relation between PTSD and social functioning in Veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan. Psychiatry, 2012: 75: 135-145.
Tsuno K, Oshima K, Kubota K, Kawakami N. Personal resilience and post-traumatic symptoms of local government employees six months after the 2011 magnitude 9.0 East Japan Earthquake. Sangyo Eiseigaku Zasshi 2014 Sept epub ahead of print.
Turner SB. Resilience of nurses in the face of disaster. Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2015 Jun 5: 1-4 [Epub ahead of print].
Um Y-H, Huh H-J, Kim S-J, Chae J-H. Possible cultural effects on the increments of somatic symptoms in subjectively resilient depressed patients. Asia-Pacific Psychiatry 2014; 1-6. DOI:10.1111/appy.12143.
Vahia IV, Meeks TW, Thompson WK, Depp CA, Zisook S, Allison M, Judd LL, Jeste DV. Subthreshold depression and successful aging in older women. Am J Ger Psychiatry 2010; 18: 212-
Van Breda K, Collins M, Stein DJ, Ruach L. The COMT val158met polymorphism in ultra-endurance athletes. Physiology & Behavior. 2015. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/jphysbeh.2015.07.039.
Vaishnavi S, et al. An abbreviated version of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), the CD-RISC 2: psychometric properties and application in psychopharmacological trials. Psychiatry Research, 2007; 152: 293-297.
Vetter S, Dulaev I, Mueller M, Henley RR, Gallo WT, Kanukova Z. Impact of resilience enhancing programs on youth surviving the Beslan school siege. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 2010; 4: 11. Doi
Viggers LC, Caltabiano ML. Factors affecting the psychological functioning of Australian adults with chronic pain. Nursing Health Science 2012; 14: 508-513.
Vinaccia S, Quiceno JM. Calidad de vida relacionada con la salud y factores psicologicos: studio desde le enfermedad pulmonary obstructive cronica – EPOC. (Health-related quality of life and psychological factors: a study from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease – COPD). Terapia Psicologica 2011; 29: 65-75.
Wang L, Shi Z, Zhang Y, Zhang Z. Psychometric properties of the 10-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale in Chinese earthquake victims. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences 2010; 64: 499-504.
Warren AM, Jones AL, Shafi S, Roden-Foreman K, Bennett MM, ML. Does caring for trauma patients lead to psychological stress in surgeons? J Trauma Acute Care 2013; 75: 179-184.
Weidlich CP, Ugarriza DN. A pilot study examining the impact of care provider support program on resiliency, coping, and compassion fatigue in military health care providers. Military Medicine 2015; 180, 3: 290. DOI: 10.7205/MILMED-D-14-00216.
West C, Buettner P, Stewart L, Foster K, Usher K. Resilience in families with a member with chronic pain: a mixed methods study. J Clinical Nursing 2012; 21: 3532-3545, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2012.04271.x.
West C, Buettner P, Foster K, Usher K. Psychometric testing of the Family Impact of Pain Scale using a sample of families in Australia. Nurse Practitioner 2012; 2: 6-12.
White B, Driver S, Warren AM. Resilience and indicators of adjustment during rehabilitation from a spinal injury. Rehabilitation Psychology 2010; 54: 23-32.
Wilks S. Intrinsic spirituality among Alzheimer’s caregivers: a pathway to resiliency. Advances in Social Work 2006; 7: 67-89.
Wilks SE, Vonk ME. Private prayer among Alzheimer’s caregivers: mediating burden and resiliency. Journal of Gerontological Social Work 2008; 50: 113-130.
Windle G, Bennett KM, Noyes J. A methodological review of resilience measurement scales. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. 2011-8:1-18. (Review article).
Wingo AP, Wrenn G, Pelletier T, Gutman AR, Bradley B, Ressler KJ. Moderating effects of resilience on depression in individuals with a history of childhood abuse or trauma exposure. J Affective Disorders 2010; 126: 411-414.
Wingo AP, Ressler KJ, Bradley B. Resilience characteristics mitigate tendency for harmful alcohol and illicit drug use in adults with a history of childhood abuse: A cross-sectional study of 2024 inner-city men and women. J Psychiatric Research 2014; 51: 93-99.
Wooten NR. Deployment risk among GWOT ARNG women veterans: posttraumatic stress and resilient outcomes. Presentation at Society for Social Work and Research 14th Annual conference: Social Work Research: A World of Possibilities. January 16, 2010. Accessed at http://sswr.confex.com/sswr/2010/webprogram/Paper12255.html .
Wrenn GL, Wingo AP, Moore R, Pelletier T, Gutman AR, Bradley B, Ressler KJ. The effect of resilience on posttraumatic stress disorder in trauma-exposed inner-city primary care patients. J Nat Med Assoca 2011; 103: 560-566.
Wu K, Zhang Y, Liu Z, Zhou P, Wei C. Coexistence and different determinants of posttraumatic stress disorder and posttraumatic growth among Chinese survivors after earthquake: role of resilience and rumination. Frontiers in Psychology 2015. Doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01043. [Results in paper give mean of 34.8, based on 1-5 scoring algorithm. Correct means given in manual].
Wu MS, Yan X, Zhou C, Chen Y, Li J, Zhu Z, Shen X, Han B. General belief in a just world and resilience: evidence from a collectivistic culture. European Journal of Personality 2011; 25: 431-442.
Xie Y, Peng L, Zuo X, Li M. The psychometric evaluation of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale using a Chinese military sample. PLOS ONE 2016. DOI: 10.1871/journal.pone.0148843. February 8, 2016.
Xing C, Sun J-M. The role of psychological resilience and positive affect in risky decision-making. Int J Psychology 2012; http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00207594.2012.729840 .
Ying L, Wu X, Lin C, Jiang L. Traumatic severity and trait resilience as predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder and depressive symptoms among adolescent survivors of the Wenchuan earthquake. PLoS ONE 2014; 9(2): e89401. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0089401.
Young-McCaughan, Peterson AL, Bingham MO. The role of sleep in the health and resiliency of military personnel. NATO/OTAN. RTO-MP-HFM-205; 26/1-26/9. (review article without original data).
Youssef NA, Green KT, Dedert EA, Hertzberg JS, Calhoun PS, Dennis MF, Mid-Atlantic Research, Education and Clinical Center Workgroup, and Beckham JC. Exploration of the influence of childhood trauma, combat exposure, and the resilience construct on depression and suicidal ideation among U.S. Iraq/Afghanistan Era military personnel and veterans. Archives Suicide Research 2013a; 17: 106-122.
Youssef NA, Green KT, Beckham JC, Elbogen EB. A 3-year longitudinal study examining the effect of resilience on suicidality in veterans. Annals Clin Psychiatry 2013b; 25: 59-66.
Yu C. Resilience of the parents of children with autism and related disorders. Nanjing Normal University Graduate Degree Thesis Enquiry system. Unpublished, Abstract Accessed on the web 2/24/2008.
Yu NX, Lam TH, Liu IKF, Stewart SM. Mediation of short and longer term effects of an intervention program to enhance resilience in immigrants from mainland China to Hong Kong. Frontiers in Psychology 2015. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01769.
Yu X, Zhang J. Factor analysis and psychometric evaluation of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) with Chinese people. Social Behavioral Personality, 2007a; 35: 19-30.
Yu X, Zhang J. A comparison between the Chinese Version of Ego-Resiliency Scale and Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale. Psychological Science, 2007b; 30: 5.
Yu XN, Lau JTF, Mak WWS, Cheng YM, Lv YH, Zhang JX. Risk and protective factors in association with mental health problems among people living with HIV who were former plasma/blood donors in rural China. AIDS Care 2009; 21: 645-654.
Yu X, Lau JTF, Mak WWS, Zhang J, Lui WWS, Zhang J. Factor structure and psychometric properties of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale among Chinese adolescents. Comprehensive Psychiatry 2011; 52: 218-224.
Yu X, Stewart SM, Liu IKF, Lam TH. Resilience and depressive symptoms in mainland Chinese immigrants to Hong Kong. Social Psychiatry Psychiatric Epidemiology 2013a; DOI: 10.1007/s00127-013-0733-8.
Yu X, Lau JTF, Mak WWS, Cheng Y, Lu Y, Zhang J. A pilot theory-based intervention to improve resilience, psycho-social well-being and quality of life among people living with HIV in rural China. Journal Sex and Marital Therapy 2013b; DOI: 10.1080/0092623X.2012.668512.
Yu X, Stewart SM, Chui JPL, Ho JLY, Li ACH, Lam TH. A pilot randomized controlled trial to decrease adaptation difficulties in Chinese new immigrants to Hong Kong. Behavior Therapy 2014; 45: 137-152.
Zarpour S, Besharat MA. Comparison of personality characteristics of individuals with irritable bowel syndrome and healthy individuals. Proc Soc Behav Sci 2011; 20: 84-88.
Zheng Y, Shen K. Resilience significantly contributes to exceptional longevity. Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research 2010; doi:10.1155/2010/525693.
Ziaian T, de Anstiss H, Antoniou G, Baghurst P, Sawyer M. Resilience and its association with depression, emotional and bahavioural problems, and mental health service utilization among refugee adolescents living in South Australia. Int J Population Res 2012; doi:10.1155/2012/485956.